Weekly Calendar In
Historical Minutes Collection
Duties of the Office
Commissioner Jacob C.
Creade V. Brodie, Jr.
William R. Valentine
State of the
Allegany County was formed in 1789 from Washington County, Maryland,
the westernmost county in the state at that time (Chapter 29, Acts
of 1789). The name Allegany comes from the Indian word
oolikhanna which means
Economic Facts: This is provided by the
Maryland Department of Commerce.Read
County Seat: Cumberland
Chief Elected Officials: The Board of
County Commissioners of Allegany County has three members. These
members are elected at large and serve a four-year term.
The three members vote to select one of
their own to be the President of the County Commissioners of
Allegany County. There are not any term limits.
Code of Allegany County, Maryland:
Form of Government:
Rule vs. Commissioner vs. Charter Form of Government:
This is provided by the Maryland Association of Counties.
Code Home Rule. Three forms of government exist in counties in
the state: code, commissioner, or charter.
1915, counties in the state have had the option of governing
under code home rule, which enables them to exercise broad local
legislative authority (Chapter 493,
Acts of !965,
ratified November 8, 1966; Constitution Article XI-F). Allegany
County adopted code home rule government in 1974.
What Do Counties Do for Their Citizens?
According to the Maryland Association of Counties, regardless of the
type of government, all counties are responsible for providing the
same series and facilities for their citizens. Services marked with
an * are required or governed under state law.
Community Colleges* This includes
support of the county or regional board of trustees of a community
college that operates under state law.
Debt Service Debt service is the annual
principal and interest payments on debt issued for the development
of public capital facilities, including roads, schools, libraries,
General Government This includes
executive and legislative control, judicial support*, election
supervision*, financial administration (budgeting and accounting),
legal (counsel and prosecution*), personnel administration, planning
and zoning, general services, and alcoholic beverage control*.
Health* This includes support of the state
required and regulated county health department.
Kindergarten – 12th Grade Education*
This includes support of the state required county board of
education that operates under state law.
Land Planning and Development This
includes such things as urban and rural development and
redevelopment, housing, economic development, and economic
Libraries* This includes support of
the county board of library trustees that operate under state law.
Public Safety This includes law
enforcement, fire protection, corrections, building inspection,
animal control, and traffic engineering.
Public Works This includes road
construction and maintenance, sewer, water, storm drains, and solid
waste collection and disposal.
Recreation and Parks This includes
recreation activities and facilities, and park and open space
maintenance and development.
Seal of Allegany County, Maryland:
Maryland Manual: A Guide to Maryland & Its Government